Low GI Diet

Download our Low GI Diet information leaflet by clicking the following link Diabetes Insight Low GI Diet

A low-glycaemic diet is a diet based on controlling blood sugar.  The Glycaemic Index Diet was developed by David J. Jenkins, a professor of nutrition at the University of Toronto and later turned into a successful line of diet books by author and former president of the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario, Rick Gallop.

The Glycaemic Index (GI) is a ranking of carbohydrate-containing foods based on the overall effect on blood glucose levels. Slowly absorbed foods have a low GI rating, while foods that are more quickly absorbed have a higher rating. This is important because choosing slowly absorbed carbohydrates, instead of quickly absorbed carbohydrates, can help even out blood glucose levels when you have diabetes.

Foods are given a GI number according to their effect on blood glucose levels. Glucose is used as a standard reference (GI 100) and other foods are measured against this

A review of research (a Cochrane Review) showed that HbA1c can be lowered by 0.5 per cent in people with diabetes who adopted a low GI diet.

 

 

Benefits of Low GI Diet for People with Diabetes

  • Lower blood sugar levels 2 hours after eating and pre meals
  • Avoid large snacks between meals
  • Avoid ‘feeding the diabetes’ scenario
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce cholesterol
  • Reduce blood pressure
  • Avoid cravings or feeling hungry between meals
  • Adequately fuel muscles for sports

There is evidence to suggest that a low GI diet is as beneficial to people with Type 1 diabetes as it is Type 2 diabetes. It can lower HbA1c by 0.5%, helps decrease doses of insulin and risk of hypos.

To learn more about the Low GI Diet for Type 1 Diabetes please click here

To learn more about the Low GI Diet for Type 2 Diabetes please click here

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